Is there any life on Mars? Is there anything beyond the solar system? We may be able to answer these questions after 25 years, according to a researcher and reported by us first Space.com.
Astrophysicist Sasha Kwantz stated this at the recent launch event of the University’s new Center on the Origin and Diffusion of Life. She works at the Federal Technology Center ETH Zurich in Switzerland.
(Photo: Luminas Art/Pixabay)
At a press conference on September 2, Kwantz provided an overview of technological initiatives that are now in development and could help scientists find an answer to the age-old question of whether or not we are alone in the universe.
During the briefing, Quantz pointed out that in 1995, the Nobel Prize winner Didier Queloz It identified the first planet outside our solar system, and today, more than 5,000 exoplanets have been discovered, and astronomers are finding more of them regularly.
Because astronomers believe that each of the more than 100 billion stars in the Milky Way has at least one companion planet, there are still a slew of undiscovered exoplanets waiting to be found, Space.com notes.
There are a large number of outer planets created. As a result, many of them, according to Kwantz, are Earth-like and located at a distance from their host stars leading to the evolution of life, including the presence of liquid water.
But Kwantz said it is still not known if these terrestrial planets have atmospheres. She highlighted the need for an observational approach that would allow astronomers to capture images of these planets.
Is Webb powerful enough to detect life on exoplanets?
The briefing was held only one day after James Webb Space Telescope The team has published the first direct image of an exoplanet orbiting a distant star.
This is a gigantic gas giant hip 65426 ba planet 100 Earth-suns away from its parent star, 12 times the size of Jupiter.
Although Webb is the most powerful telescope ever sent into space, Quantz cautions that it isn’t powerful enough to see smaller Earth-like planets orbiting their stars at closer ranges where liquid water might be.
“HIP 65426 is a very special system. It’s a gas giant planet that orbits very far from the star. That’s what Webb can do in terms of taking pictures of planets. We won’t be able to get to the small planets. Webb’s not powerful enough to do with that.”
Other instruments are already being created to compensate for this weakness in the capabilities of the James Webb Space Telescope.
The medium-infrared ELT imaging and spectrograph (METIS), a leading instrument for devices very large telescope (ELT), by Kwantz and colleagues.
ELT, which is now generated by European Southern Observatory In Chile, it will have a 130-foot (40-meter) wide mirror when finished, making it the world’s largest optical telescope and could help detect life outside the solar system in the future.
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By Joaquin Victor Tacla
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